Pastry can be very easy or very difficult. There correct measurement rather than a free hand gives the best results but experience of repeating a pastry over and over again you can up with its recipe embedded in your memory then do a pastry by heart.
Learning how to do Pastry can be a long process and it help if your parents help you learn from a young age. My Mum showed to me how to Normandy Syle Apple Pie so I know how to make a Shorcrust Pastry. But that is it. And the Pate Brisée I taught myself by following recipes.
The difficulty then reside on upscaling the amount of pastry you do need for how many person. That can be tricky if you are not too good at Maths like I am... but to my defence I had the score at Maths of the entire class (15/20was a decent mark) for My Baccalaureat which I had with honour of course there were other subjects like Litterature, Philosophy, English, German, History and Geography and Art. My dad cried that day when I received my Diploma knowing I was the best in my class.
Pastries are of the many pleasures of life. Eating it for Breakfast, at Tea time or during a small Break during the Day.
Anyhow I digress from the issue at Hand the Pastry. However I will add something I was working at my homeworks sometimes up until 3 am at night, I am saying that to tell you that Pastry takes time to learn to get it correct, and that by trial and errors you do get the experience of it. It is like cracking an Egg or separating the white from the yoke.
From the making of the dough, to sometimes the proofing of it, the knocking down stage, another proofing maybe, or the letting to rest of the dough in a fridge or at room temperature, the rolling of the dough or handmaking it to the shape you desire, the baking of it all in all it takes time to make, that is not including if you have to let the Pastry cool down may ready for other process like decoration...
Many Pastries have a few ingredients in common but not all pastries. A very common ingredient is Flour, it doesn't have to be only White Four plain or self rising, it can be all kind of Flours. Eggs are another common ingredients, and the same applies here it can be a different one rather than a free range fresh Egg, it could be a Duck Eggs for example but then you will need to expect different results but it can work. Milk is also often used, but it doesn't have to be Dairy Milk, because if you have an intolerence to Dairy you can choose good subsitute like Soy Milk.
Different types of Eggs: Duck Eggs in the Forefront and Brown Hen Eggs in the Background.
Other ingredients often used in Pastry making are Sugar and there again you have a variety of Sugars to from from Golden Caster Sugar to Demerara Sugar, passing by refined Cane Sugar. You can also substitute it with Honey. Then there is Butter. The same applies here, there are a great choice of varieties to choose from, Salted Butter, Unsalted Butter, Pasteurised, or not Pasteurised. A replacement for Butter could be Ghee.
Nothing stop you to use a very good Goats Butter either. It can give a little twist and unique Taste to your Pastry.
From the Pastries, let us start by the ShortCrust Pastries, it comes in three kind the simple one can be easily turned in a pate brisée, and then there is the Flan pastry. I will speak about it further on the page below this one. All I can say is the range of dishes from savoury to sweet are done with that Pastry, like the famous Quiche Lorraine, the humble yet delicious Potatoe Pie, the Cherry Tomatoes Tart, the Flamiche Picarde, Croustades, Flans of different fillings, the Apple Tart, Cornish Pasties, Lemon Meringue Pie, Custard Tart... You can see that ShortCrust Pastry is used for many Dishes. As I am building this culinary and gardening site bit by bit single handedly, you will be able to find the above recipes on my section about recipes at a later stage.
Coconut and Lemon Meringue Pie, my Man destroyed it very fast, there was none left the following day.
Then there is the Sweet Pastry: divided in two Pastries under that denomination. The Sweet Pastry which is enriched with Sugar. It is used for Fruit Tarts most commonly. Then there is Sandy Pastry which is more fragile to handle and to work however the result if achieve can gives you delicious Biscuits. The Sweet Pastry in general is the base for many tarts with a fruit content: the Strawberry Tart, You can use it for the of Cheese Cakes, Clafoutis, delicious Biscuits, even Mince Pies.
The Classic Strawberry Tart done with Sweet Pastry filled up with Creme Patissiére and of course topped with Strawberries. Luscious. A Spring and Summer Number when the Strawberries start to turn red.
We must mention one of my Favourite Pastry, the Puff Pastry. It is quite difficult to make and fairly time consuming. With all the layers of Pastry and butter folded one by one and refolded and refolded and... up until you have the resultof a lovely Pastry with multy light layers which will puff up in the oven. However you can shorten the time by making a Rogugh Puff Pastry which can take you roughly 20 minutes to half an hour. There is also the option to skip all that which is even faster which is by buying a premade one in the supermarket. You can make the famous 70's, 80's fashion of the time Vol au Vent, which are 40 years later now making a come back at cocktail Parties and Dinners. You can cover pies with Puff Pastrie but also do Meat, Fish, or Vegetables 'en Croute' entirely surrounded by the Puff Pastry. This tends to be a show stopper. You can also create 'The Palmier', a Biscuit with rolls on two sides which can be either savoury or sweet. Also Puff pastry is also used to make Cheese Straws.
The Classic Vol au Vent which can hold any fillings of your liking.
A Selection of Sweet/Dessert Pastries
A Selection of Shortcrust Pastries
Dare I say that one of the first things I did learn to cook was a Fried Egg. My ones are always sunny side up. I also like them a little crispy around the edges to know that the white has been rendered properly. But the Eggs still need to have that exquisite runny yellow yolk at the centre to run free upon the plate. It is a little magical moment of bliss: A little like singing along to the song "My favourite things" from the Sound of Music Film with Julie Andrews.
The Breakfast Fry Up with fried Bread, Bacon and Eggs. It is simple yet fulfilling. It is the fuel to start the day or at least one's day. An Egg takes roughly four to five minutes to fry depending on its size, sometimes more, sometimes less.
There is one thing I will confess, which is, to like a Fried Egg with rough edges. When they are done within a ring or device so they do look neat, I think it kills the charm of the good old Egg coming from a proper Farm, from a Farm where the Chicken are roaming outdoors. My Grand Parents (RIP) lived most of their lives in Bourg en Bresse and there in the Bresse area of France the Chicken graze the grass, the green green grass, and you can taste the difference with the Chicken from a battery Chicken and from a Farm Egg from a battery Egg.
A Poulet de Bresse, de Bourg en Bresse, happy roaming in a field of clovers.
There are a variety of Eggs to be pan fried but being rather conventional I tend to stay in the realm of Chicken Eggs. However I venture very often in the kingdom of the rich Duck Egg with that bountiful dark yellow Yolk. If I do poach a Duck Egg more than I do fry it, I am still doing it often for the ratio between the white and the yolk. There is less white in a Duck Egg. The star there is truly and simply the luscious Yolk. A Duck Egg is full of proteins and different vitamins which is a plus.
Duck Eggs are of course larger than Hen's Eggs.
If Duck Eggs may be harder to get because they are not the normal standard Egg, they are still worth the while to have and eat. The Fried Duck Egg add a touch of luxury upon an Easter Breakfast of Grilled Asparagus, and Shaved Truffles. Garnish with a little Chives, Black Pepper and Sea Salt as a finish then now we are talking simply of very simple lush Brunch.
Pan Fried Duck Egg upon Chips served with a good dollop of Lemon Mayonnaise, seasonned and garnished with chopped Parsley. This is a satisfying simple Lunch.
However I tried my hand to cook Quail Eggs as well. Sometimes it was successful and sometimes it was not. Is it that they are too small for my clumsy fingers...? Or is it that the matter of time is seriously reduced when cooking them? Hence you do need to keep an eye upon the clock and upon the Egg. This is a balancing act which one might crack: May it be the Quail Egg or you with a smile upon your face? But Fried Quail Eggs are quaint and definitely suitable to create Canapés and Appetizers.
Home Made Crostinis with Fried Quail Eggs topped with red Herrring Roe. It is simple and a rustic Canapé to be enjoyed.
They are plenty of ways to taste Fried Quail Eggs. I would say they are dainty but nice; that it is a taste the difference matter. Fried Quail Eggs can make a Bruschetta sing a little bit more for a nice Brunch or even Starter for Dinner time. With very little imagination, you can cover your Olive Oil oven toasted slice of Bread (Sourdough, Ciabatta or Baguette), with a Cream Cheese which is seasoned with added Ingredients of your choice (Chilli Flakes or a little pinch of Cayenne Pepper or a little Chive, or a little Dill, or a little shredded Basil, or a little chopped and roasted Garlic). On top of the whisked Cream Cheese, you can build a layer with a cured or smoked Ham (Prosciutto, Serrano, Parma Ham...even Bacon rashers). But you can also use Fish freshly cooked, smoked or cured. Then add your fried Quail Egg on top. This is an all so simple treat.
Mini Pesto Pizza with mini Mozzarella Balls, Cherry Tomatoes, Basil and Fried Quail Eggs. It can make a nice Starter to an Italian theme Dinner.
Now there is something with most of Eggs you can do to fry them: It is the Scotch Egg. The recipe dates from a long time ago the 1800 plus so has evolved to be ever so different. The principle of it reside, in covering an Egg with Minced Meat then to bread the result in order to Fry it. Initially it was called the scortch Egg because it was fried but enclosed. However it became the Scotch Egg in the end. The history says that it was because Scotland was a big producer of Eggs.
Scotch Eggs can be very dry but to have a runny yolk centre is part of the pleasure with them.
They can make a good Brunch or Lunch. Scotch Eggs are not as per say fanciful however you have a room to play there in term of cookery. Which Egg you are going to use? A Hen Egg, a large Duck Egg or a small Quail Egg...?
Quail Scotch Eggs Salad. You can do it with Lambs Lettuce or Pea Shoots. Serve it with or without Pancetta or Lardons. Decorate the plate with edible Flowers like Viola. A simple French dressing can accompany everything even some chopped woodland Mushrooms to give the feel of Autumn to the plate.
Then with which minced Meat you are going to wrap your Egg? A spiced Mince most certainly, it could be Sausage Meat, Lamb Mince, Beef Mince, Turkey Mince but it can also be from a Fish as well like a Smoked Salmon or Trout.
Salmon Mousse Scotch Quail Eggs served with pickled Radishes, Lamb Lettuce and Tartare Sauce.
It can be with Black Pudding, or the stuffing for Haggis... There you have the tools to make your Scotch Egg special. Seasoning the Breadcrumbs also does play a part in the entire making of a Scotch Egg. The result of your combinations usually makes a satisfying Lunch or Starter.
Black Pudding Scotch Eggs on a bed of peppery Rocket Salad dressed with a grain Mustard Vinaigrette: A Lunch that is packing a punch on a plate.
Speaking of Eggs there is of course the Eggy Bread. It is also called French Toast, French Fried Bread, Pain Perdu, Gypsy Bread. The concept comes from an old tradition to not loose Bread at any cost. Even if the Bread becomes old and stale, you can revive it with a source of life which is the Egg and another Ingredient which nurtures life which is Milk. Hence the Eggy Bread was born. Then it can become a Dish in itself or a base for either Savoury Dishes or Sweet Ones.
Eggy Bread Toasts. The principle relies on mixing Eggs and Milk together in order to revive the Bread. Soaking the Bread, usually overnight (in the old days) then Frying it made it all better.
You can turn the Eggy Bread savoury for a full Brunch experience, like with a Croque Monsieur with Ham and Cheese or a Croque Madame with the addition of the Fried Egg. The Croque Monsieur is in effect a Sandwich but a Fried one. It is a bang bang two slices of fried Bread, enclosing a decent slice of Ham and a Cheese with quality of the like of Gruyére or Emmental or Comté Cheese. A Mustard Sauce is usually applied to perk up everything. It could be Dijon Mustard whisked up with a little Mayo. But the result is licking fingers delish... The history of the Croque Monsieur dates from the 1800's.
The Croque Monsieur in all its glorious lushness. Before becoming a Bistro or Gastro Pub Treat, it was seen, regarded as a Gentleman's Club Treat.
From the Croque Monsieur to the Croque Madame there are only a few differences. The main one is the addition of the fried Egg on the Croque Madame. The Egg is meant to represent a Lady's wide brimmed hat. Another difference is that the Sauce Béchamel which can be used for the Croque Monsieur can be élévated to the Sauce Mornay for the Croque Madame. The little stamp is the inclusion of Cheese within the Sauce. The Sauce was créated by Philippe de Mornay who also créated the Sauce Béchamel back in the 1500's.
Croque Madame. Croque in French means to actually bite into something that has a crunch: Hence Fried Eggy Bread with a difference.
Then you do have the Croque Mademoiselle: it is an evolution or a variation as per say of the original Croque Monsieur juste like the Croque Madame is a variation as well. This time the main difference is the inclusion of Vegetables within the 'Croque'. It can be totally vegetarian or a bit of a mix. It could be made with the essential Eggy Bread slices but also with sandwiched in between Asparagus, Parma Ham and Parmesan. It could be made with fried Courgettes, melted Mozzarella, Oregano and Espelette Chilli. It is up to the inspiration of the moment. The Croque Mademoiselle is a volatile fried Sandwich. To be blunt it is up to anyone's interpretation apart that it does need to contain a green Veg: Cucumber, Zucchini, Asparagus... For it is the Veg option out of all the Croques.
Croque Mademoiselle with layers of fried Aubergines, Courgettes, roasted Red Sweet Bell Pepped, Cottage Cheese served with a fried Egg on top just like a Croque Madame. It had a Med Feel to it.
French Toast are not all savoury for some are sweet as well. Different combinations are there to be appreciated. A favourite one is served with fresh Berries: Strawberries, Blueberries, Raspberries... but also with a Jam or Preserve or Compote which could be made with Blackberries, Blackcurrants, Blueberries and the Eggy Bread will be accompanied with Custard. It is a yummy number.
Eggy Bread with Berries. It can be a small tea time treat but it is still special. Another version is made with dried Apricot and fresh ones, (It could be done with Nectarines and Peaches too). The addition of Apricot Jam traditionally done with Almond kernels renders everything lush. Toasted Almonds can add to the decoration in that case.
Similarly Bruschetta is a toasted slice of Bread usually it will be made with Pain de Campagne, Sourdough Bread, Ciabatta or Baguette as a base. The slice will be rubed with Garlic but also dipped in Olive Oil. Then it can be fried within a frying Pan or grilled. The toppings of the Bruschetta are up to you. The traditional ones are with chopped Tomatoes. But additional Ingredients can be added like Basil and, or Organo for Herbs, Capers and, or Olives for a little saltiness, even Anchovies could be considered. Chopped Preseved Lemon could be considered as well. Another combination is the chopped Tomatoes, chopped roasted Sweet Bell Peppers, crispy Shallots with the addition of Mozzarella Pearls or even a little slice or cubed Goat Cheese.
Tomato and Sweet Red Bell Pepper Bruschetta with Basil and a little grated Parmesan. It can be a simple Brunch, an Appetizer or a Starter/Entrée. The addition of Kalamata Olives, or Olives stuffed with Anchovies can bring this Bruschetta to another level.
Concerning Dough you do have plenty which we do Fry which are sweet. During my childhood one of my favourites treats were the Croustillons. They came by 6, the dozen or 24. It was just little balls of Dough fried then sugared. They were ever so nice. We could have them and share between us three kids only on the Thursday and Saturday at the Market in Cherbourg. I can tell you that we were looking out for that Van and the Croustillons. They are from Northern Europe especially the coastal areas, from Holland, Belgium and France.
Croustillons are like mini Donuts.
Then there is of course the Doughnut also spelled Donut. It feels like Homer Simpson dreaming of Donuts. I must confess to be partial to Sugared Ring Doughnuts. Although I am not a sweet tooth Fried Dough does it for me. For Tyn he loves his Jam Doughnuts. The matter of fact is that Doughnuts are versatile as per say as you can top them up the way you want to but also fill them up the way you like.
Sugared Ring Doughnuts. One Treat I can't escape from.
In France, a similar Fried Dough is called Beignet. They come in different shapes filled up or not. A Popular one is the Apple Beignet: Le Beignet aux Pommes. My Mum used to do them usually on the Saturday afternoon. It was a treat especially since Oil was expensive, it was important to do the most of it. Hence Fritters (Beignets) were the way to go. Beignets (Fritters) are dipped in French culture and the Italian one but also in the USA, from Louisiana (which was colonised by the French back in the days). It goes with the flow.
The fillings for Beignets or Fritters are rather varied. Apple is a very popular one coming from areas in France who produces a lot of Apples like Normandy. Pineapple Fritters have their origins from Asian countries like Indonesia (Indochina). French colonists can be blamed for it as well. Then in the Créole Cuisine there are the Banana or, and Plantain Beignets/Fritters.