A Selection of Breadcrumbs

The humble Breadcrumb which could be the feast of a Mouse or a Bird is also very useful in the Kitchen in many ways. Nowadays you can buy already made Breadcrumbs of different sorts from the Golden ones to some more natural looking like passing by the Panko Crumbs. The choice is wide out there however, doing your own Breadcrumbs is ever so satisfying. All you need to do so is a Bread stale or not, crusty or not, dry and toasted or not.

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Panko Breadcrumbs, light and giving an even covering of Food to be fried or panéed.

You can call me old fashion but apart from the shop bought Panko Crumbs, I do prefer making my own Home Made Breadcrumbs. What did started that trend for me were three factors. First, my Man is a 'Gianormous' Bread eater. His favourites being the Tigger/Giraffe Bread, and the other the simple soft Loaf of white sliced Bread, however his use of Bread is pretty unimaginative (Bread and Butter, Bread and Cheese, not even melted, Bread and Peanut Butter, sometimes Bread and Honey...). If he lifts his paws to make a Bread and Bacon Sandwich, we are on a winner. I am a bit sarcastic here, because when I am in Hospital and can't feed him this is his diet. So I am concerned and worried.

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The Tigger Bread, named by its crust pattern.

In terms of reality, my Partner does leave Bread to dry or stale when I am here to feed him. It would be a crying shame to abandon a Loaf of Bread like that. (yes, I come from a working class family however with upper crust thrown into it). So here comes the second factor to make Breadcrumbs: We do feed the Birds. So I am blitzing happily the old Breads for them to not get wasted and to fill the belly of our Birds out there. With a knob of Butter or two to keep them fed in Winter and Spring when they most need it.

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One of our resident Robins. Croutons for the bigger Birds, Grains, Seeds and Breadcrumbs for the smaller ones. The Bird feeding zone initially started like that. Buttered Breadcrumbs were a big part of it.

The third factor was simply cooking. I enjoy it and to be able to do your own Breadcrumbs is actually a simple little pleasure. It gives you the freedom to choose the Ingredients to flavour your Breadcrumbs to fit the Dish you are about to make. It is all about the balance and the seasoning. You do not have to be stuck in a rut with just shop bought Golden Breadcrumbs. You can make the twist and shake and make your Breadcrumbs Shout with a bit of life... ( Link to a little track below).

Shout from the Isley Brothers

I will not say that I will go automatically for traditional breadcrumbs. On the contrary, I tend to make some fresh ones purposeful for my Dish in mind. The Dish can be either savoury or sweet. For example lets just say for savoury, I am fond of panéing either Meat, Fish or Veg. The Breadcrumbs can carry flavour, taste and gusto to the dish easily with seasoning.

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Panéing Station. In order the Flour is getting the first seasoning. Usually it is simple: Salt and Pepper. The second plate or bowl for Panéing countains lightly whisked Egg Yolks, seasoned as well if needs be. Last but not least is the bowl of prepared Breadcrumbs.

The Pané method does impart flavour but can also protect the tenderness of Meat or Fish. It is very simple as much as just a coating of Flour for the first step, a coating of whisked Eggs for the second step and finally the coating of the Breadcrumbs to finish everything off. It is just a step by step which can achieve a delicious Dish upon a plate.  

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Panéed Trout Fillet with minted Broad Beans and Buttered Baby Potatoes.

To wrap something with Breadcrumbs is somewhat joyful. May it be fishfingers, may it be a Schnitzel or may it be a Potato Croquette, it always feels like a little parcel of goodness underneath those Crumbs. For those Crumbs... the world is your Oyster, litterally. Any Bread can fit the bill. There is just the what you are looking for, which is about texture and the consistency of the coverage you want to achieve. 

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Potato Croquettes upon a little Bistro Salad.

The choice of Bread can be voluntary, like buying or making a specific Bread to make specific Crumbs or involuntary, hence to use what you have at hand to make the best of it. I tend to make different little jars of Breadcrumbs for the pantry. Some of them are plain, either white Bread, either Wholemeal Bread, and Whole Grain ones but some of them do contain some elements to flavour the Breadcrumbs. 

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Wholemeal Breadcrumbs, flavoured with cracked Black Peppercorns, Lemon Zest, Sea Salt, Parsley and Green Olive. This little combination of flavours for Breadcrumbs works very well with Fish.

Depending if you are making a jar of Breadcrumbs to store in the Pantry or just a batch of them for the Meal you intend to prepare, flair and creativity make you discover nice flavour combinations. Blitzed dried Apricots and Pistachios can give a Morrocan feel to your Breadcrumbs which could be perfect to coat some Chicken Wings and Breast Strips served with a Ras'al Hanout Raita. It can make a nice little sharing Summer Meal.


Breaded Chicken.

Apart from giving a proper coating to an Ingredient, which is excellent for Frying, Deep Frying or Baking, Breadcrumbs are also extremelly helpful in terms of covering. Lets just mention covering for texture and also for cooking purposes again. Breadcrumbs provide a seal either tight or loose which does help in the process of cooking something. One perfect dish which is an example of the process is the 'Crumble'. Basically the Crumbs act as a lid which keeps the heat within the dish and gently steam, cook the content within. 

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Home Made Rhubarb and Hazelnut Crumble Muffins. 

For texture or /and for flavour Crumbs have the seal of approval. Do not disregard that humble Ingredient: Make it yours! To create your Breadcrumbs is not rocket science. You do not need a degree to launch a space mission with the NASA. The tip of your fingers, the end of a fork or a blender/ mixer can very well do the job to some sort of enjoyable and palatable perfection.

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Preparing a spicy Turkey Schnitzel.

There are two school of thought which work equally well in preparing the Breadcrumbs. One is just the dry and toast then blitz the Bread to that magical powder that give that extra humph. The other school of thought is to prepare the Crumbs when they have still some moisture and then to dry them with the Ingredients you do want to include with them. In my humble opinion, both methods work but I prefer the later. 

Home Made Breadcrumbs
A Selection of Home Made Breadcrumbs
Shop Bought Breadcrumbs
A Selection of Shop Bought Breadcrumbs

Dare I say that one of the first things I did learn to cook was a Fried Egg. My ones are always sunny side up. I also like them a little crispy around the edges to know that the white has been rendered properly. But the Eggs still need to have that exquisite runny yellow yolk at the centre to run free upon the plate. It is a little magical moment of bliss: A little like singing along to the song "My favourite things" from the Sound of Music Film with Julie Andrews.


The Breakfast Fry Up with fried Bread, Bacon and Eggs. It is simple yet fulfilling. It is the fuel to start the day or at least one's day. An Egg takes roughly four to five minutes to fry depending on its size, sometimes more, sometimes less.

There is one thing I will confess, which is, to like a Fried Egg with rough edges. When they are done within a ring or device so they do look neat, I think it kills the charm of the good old Egg coming from a proper Farm, from a Farm where the Chicken are roaming outdoors. My Grand Parents (RIP) lived most of their lives in Bourg en Bresse and there in the Bresse area of France the Chicken graze the grass, the green green grass, and you can taste the difference with the Chicken from a battery Chicken and from a Farm Egg from a battery Egg.


A Poulet de Bresse, de Bourg en Bresse, happy roaming in a field of clovers.

There are a variety of Eggs to be pan fried but being rather conventional I tend to stay in the realm of Chicken Eggs. However I venture very often in the kingdom of the rich Duck Egg with that bountiful dark yellow Yolk. If I do poach a Duck Egg more than I do fry it, I am still doing it often for the ratio between the white and the yolk. There is less white in a Duck Egg. The star there is truly and simply the luscious Yolk. A Duck Egg is full of proteins and different vitamins which is a plus. 


 Duck Eggs are of course larger than Hen's Eggs. 

If Duck Eggs may be harder to get because they are not the normal standard Egg, they are still worth the while to have and eat. The Fried Duck Egg add a touch of luxury upon an Easter Breakfast of Grilled Asparagus, and Shaved Truffles. Garnish with a little Chives, Black Pepper and Sea Salt as a finish then now we are talking simply of very simple lush Brunch.


Pan Fried Duck Egg upon Chips served with a good dollop of Lemon Mayonnaise, seasonned and garnished with chopped Parsley. This is a satisfying simple Lunch.

However I tried my hand to cook Quail Eggs as well. Sometimes it was successful and sometimes it was not. Is it that they are too small for my clumsy fingers...? Or is it that the matter of time is seriously reduced when cooking them? Hence you do need to keep an eye upon the clock and upon the Egg. This is a balancing act which one might crack: May it be the Quail Egg or you with a smile upon your face? But Fried Quail Eggs are quaint and definitely suitable to create Canapés and Appetizers.


Home Made Crostinis with Fried Quail Eggs topped with red Herrring Roe. It is simple and a rustic Canapé to be enjoyed.

They are plenty of ways to taste Fried Quail Eggs. I would say they are dainty but nice; that it is a taste the difference matter. Fried Quail Eggs can make a Bruschetta sing a little bit more for a nice Brunch or even Starter for Dinner time. With very little imagination, you can cover your Olive Oil oven toasted slice of Bread (Sourdough, Ciabatta or Baguette), with a Cream Cheese which is seasoned with added Ingredients of your choice (Chilli Flakes or a little pinch of Cayenne Pepper or a little Chive, or a little Dill, or a little shredded Basil, or a little chopped and roasted Garlic). On top of the whisked Cream Cheese, you can build a layer with a cured or smoked Ham (Prosciutto, Serrano, Parma Ham...even Bacon rashers). But you can also use Fish freshly cooked, smoked or cured. Then add your fried Quail Egg on top. This is an all so simple treat.


 Mini Pesto Pizza with mini Mozzarella Balls, Cherry Tomatoes, Basil and Fried Quail Eggs. It can make a nice Starter to an Italian theme Dinner.

Now there is something with most of Eggs you can do to fry them: It is the Scotch Egg. The recipe dates from a long time ago the 1800 plus so has evolved to be ever so different. The principle of it reside, in covering an Egg with Minced Meat then to bread the result in order to Fry it. Initially it was called the scortch Egg because it was fried but enclosed. However it became the Scotch Egg in the end. The history says that it was because Scotland was a big producer of Eggs. 


Scotch Eggs can be very dry but to have a runny yolk centre is part of the pleasure with them.

They can make a good Brunch or Lunch. Scotch Eggs are not as per say fanciful however you have a room to play there in term of cookery. Which Egg you are going to use? A Hen Egg, a large Duck Egg or a small Quail Egg...?

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Quail Scotch Eggs Salad. You can do it with Lambs Lettuce or Pea Shoots. Serve it with or without Pancetta or Lardons.  Decorate the plate with edible Flowers like Viola. A simple French dressing can accompany everything even some chopped woodland Mushrooms to give the feel of Autumn to the plate.

Then with which minced Meat you are going to wrap your Egg? A spiced Mince most certainly, it could be Sausage Meat, Lamb Mince, Beef Mince, Turkey Mince but it can also be from a Fish as well like a Smoked Salmon or Trout.

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Salmon Mousse Scotch Quail Eggs served with pickled Radishes, Lamb Lettuce and Tartare Sauce.

It can be with Black Pudding, or the stuffing for Haggis... There you have the tools to make your Scotch Egg special. Seasoning the Breadcrumbs also does play a part in the entire making of a Scotch Egg. The result of your combinations usually makes a satisfying Lunch or Starter.

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 Black Pudding Scotch Eggs on a bed of peppery Rocket Salad dressed with a grain Mustard Vinaigrette: A Lunch that is packing a punch on a plate.

Speaking of Eggs there is of course the Eggy Bread. It is also called French Toast, French Fried Bread, Pain Perdu, Gypsy Bread. The concept comes from an old tradition to not loose Bread at any cost. Even if the Bread becomes old and stale, you can revive it with a source of life which is the Egg and another Ingredient which nurtures life which is Milk. Hence the Eggy Bread was born. Then it can become a Dish in itself or a base for either Savoury Dishes or Sweet Ones.


Eggy Bread Toasts. The principle relies on mixing Eggs and Milk together in order to revive the Bread. Soaking the Bread, usually overnight (in the old days) then Frying it made it all better.

You can turn the Eggy Bread savoury for a full Brunch experience, like with a Croque Monsieur with Ham and Cheese or a Croque Madame with the addition of the Fried Egg. The Croque Monsieur is in effect a Sandwich but a Fried one. It is a bang bang two slices of fried Bread, enclosing a decent slice of Ham and a Cheese with quality of the like of Gruyére or Emmental or Comté Cheese. A Mustard Sauce is usually applied to perk up everything. It could be Dijon Mustard whisked up with a little Mayo. But the result is licking fingers delish... The history of the Croque Monsieur dates from the 1800's. 

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The Croque Monsieur in all its glorious lushness. Before becoming a Bistro or Gastro Pub Treat, it was seen, regarded as a Gentleman's Club Treat.

From the Croque Monsieur to the Croque Madame there are only a few differences. The main one is the addition of the fried Egg on the Croque Madame. The Egg is meant to represent a Lady's wide brimmed hat. Another difference is that the Sauce Béchamel which can be used for the Croque Monsieur can be élévated to the Sauce Mornay for the Croque Madame. The little stamp is the inclusion of Cheese within the Sauce. The Sauce was créated by Philippe de Mornay who also créated the Sauce Béchamel back in the 1500's.

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 Croque Madame. Croque in French means to actually bite into something that has a crunch: Hence Fried Eggy Bread with a difference. 

Then you do have the Croque Mademoiselle: it is an evolution or a variation as per say of the original Croque Monsieur juste like the Croque Madame is a variation as well. This time the main difference is the inclusion of Vegetables within the 'Croque'. It can be totally vegetarian or a bit of a mix. It could be made with the essential Eggy Bread slices but also with sandwiched in between Asparagus, Parma Ham and Parmesan. It could be made with fried Courgettes, melted Mozzarella, Oregano and Espelette Chilli. It is up to the inspiration of the moment. The Croque Mademoiselle is a volatile fried Sandwich. To be blunt it is up to anyone's interpretation apart that it does need to contain a green Veg: Cucumber, Zucchini, Asparagus... For it is the Veg option out of all the Croques.

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Croque Mademoiselle with layers of fried Aubergines, Courgettes, roasted Red Sweet Bell Pepped, Cottage Cheese served with a fried Egg on top just like a Croque Madame. It had a Med Feel to it.

French Toast are not all savoury for some are sweet as well. Different combinations are there to be appreciated. A favourite one is served with fresh Berries: Strawberries, Blueberries, Raspberries... but also with a Jam or Preserve or Compote which could be made with Blackberries, Blackcurrants, Blueberries and the Eggy Bread will be accompanied with Custard. It is a yummy number.

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Eggy Bread with Berries. It can be a small tea time treat but it is still special. Another version is made with dried Apricot and fresh ones, (It could be done with Nectarines and Peaches too). The addition of Apricot Jam traditionally done with Almond kernels renders everything lush. Toasted Almonds can add to the decoration in that case.

Similarly Bruschetta is a toasted slice of Bread usually it will be made with Pain de Campagne, Sourdough Bread, Ciabatta or Baguette as a base. The slice will be rubed with Garlic but also dipped in Olive Oil. Then it can be fried within a frying Pan or grilled. The toppings of the Bruschetta are up to you. The traditional ones are with chopped Tomatoes. But additional Ingredients can be added like Basil and, or Organo for Herbs, Capers and, or Olives for a little saltiness, even Anchovies could be considered. Chopped Preseved Lemon could be considered as well. Another combination is the chopped Tomatoes, chopped roasted Sweet Bell Peppers, crispy Shallots with the addition of Mozzarella Pearls or even a little slice or cubed Goat Cheese. 


Tomato and Sweet Red Bell Pepper Bruschetta with Basil and a little grated Parmesan. It can be a simple Brunch, an Appetizer or a Starter/Entrée. The addition of Kalamata Olives, or Olives stuffed with Anchovies can bring this Bruschetta to another level.

Concerning Dough you do have plenty which we do Fry which are sweet. During my childhood one of my favourites treats were the Croustillons. They came by 6, the dozen or 24. It was just little balls of Dough fried then sugared. They were ever so nice. We could have them and share between us three kids only on the Thursday and Saturday at the Market in Cherbourg. I can tell you that we were looking out for that Van and the Croustillons. They are from Northern Europe especially the coastal areas, from Holland, Belgium and France. 


Croustillons are like mini Donuts.

Then there is of course the Doughnut also spelled Donut. It feels like Homer Simpson dreaming of Donuts. I must confess to be partial to Sugared Ring Doughnuts. Although I am not a sweet tooth Fried Dough does it for me. For Tyn he loves his Jam Doughnuts. The matter of fact is that Doughnuts are versatile as per say as you can top them up the way you want to but also fill them up the way you like.


Sugared Ring Doughnuts. One Treat I can't escape from.

In France, a similar Fried Dough is called Beignet. They come in different shapes filled up or not. A Popular one is the Apple Beignet: Le Beignet aux Pommes. My Mum used to do them usually on the Saturday afternoon. It was a treat especially since Oil was expensive, it was important to do the most of it. Hence Fritters (Beignets) were the way to go. Beignets (Fritters) are dipped in French culture and the Italian one but also in the USA, from Louisiana (which was colonised by the French back in the days). It goes with the flow. 

The fillings for Beignets or Fritters are rather varied. Apple is a very popular one coming from areas in France who produces a lot of Apples like Normandy. Pineapple Fritters have their origins from Asian countries like Indonesia (Indochina). French colonists can be blamed for it as well. Then in the Créole Cuisine there are the Banana or, and Plantain Beignets/Fritters.